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Denis Moylan, Cork


Banknotes of the Irish Private Banks
Denis Moylan, Cork

1813-1814



Cork, Ireland mapDenis Moylan Cork

Denis Moylan - 1 Series, 1 Sole Partner



A merchant with a brief banking career


Relatively little is known of Denis Moylan's banking activities, except that he issued banknotes in 1813. According to O’Kelly (1959), the Moylans were well respected businessman in Cork.

O’Kelly notes that there appears to be no record of registration for this bank, and that it is not listed in Watson’s Almanac, or mentioned in any contemporary newspapers. Registration was not a requirement for banks at that time, and other note-issuing entitles also operated without registering as bankers.

Note issuers who went unregistered tended to not be banks, but were more in the line of businesses engaged in buying and selling which issued notes in payment for goods which were then redeemed shortly thereafter. Other examples of similar merchant note-issuers are likely some of the Ennis Banks in Co Clare. Other small note issuers, such as Joseph Carshore in Carrick on Suir, and Bruce's Charleville Bank in Co. Cork are recorded as being primarily engaged in banking rather than other business.

There is no mention on Denis Moylan's notes of the business as being a bank, unlike some other notes issued by banks in Cork at the time such as Roberts and Leslie which have 'Cork Bank' as their principal heading. In the case of Moylan's notes, the denomination of the note is its principal heading. Pike's Bank, one of the best known and most successful private banks in Cork, used its own name as its principal heading on notes.


Moylan symbol


Moylan's symbol, or 'logo' was made up of Denis Moylan's initials, DM, in ornate script. His name in full is printed sideways on the left in upper case script, a standard design feature of many private banker's notes of the era.

Under the centre of the DM script can be seen the printer's mark, 'Ashby', London-based printers who printed notes for several of the Irish private banks. Another example of their printing can be seen on notes of Maunsell's Bank of Limerick.

Denis Moylan Cork


Moylan's Bank Closure 1814


Moylan's bank closed in 1814 after only a year or so of operation. There is no information available as to the circumstances surrounding its closure.

This bank appears to have been a one man operation, likely an example of a merchant who engaged in note issue for a time, and then discontinued. Kenny and Turner (2019) list it as having 'Failed' in 1814, though other evidence detailed following tends to not support this.

Young (1975) makes mention of Denis Moylan's local connections in Cork, and does not make any suggestion that Moylan's bank may have failed.

As there appears to be no mention of Moylans in regard to legal actions in the media of the time, an orderly closure rather than a failure would be more plausible. He may simply have stopped issuing notes.

It seems that Denis Moylan was a merchant who at one time received the honour of 'Freeman of Cork City'. The list of Freemen of Cork 1710-1741 includes a Denis Moylan, listed as a Merchant, and a Denis Creagh Moylan, listed as Gentleman as having both received the honour. These two are likely Denis the banker and his son youngest son Denis Creagh Moylan who studied Law and went on to become a Midland circuit judge of the county court for the district of Westminster, London.

The Freedom of Cork is a significant honour, and suggests that the family was held in high esteem in the community. It also supports the supposition that Denis Moylan stopped issuing notes and exited banking without bankruptcy, and settled any debts in full.

The two banknotes pictured are signed Denis Moylan and by J. C. Moylan, likely John Creagh Moylan a middle son of Denis Moylan, who died in 1824 at the age of 39. Denis Moylan the banker died in October 1832, aged 72 in Versailles, France [bio].


Denis Moylan Note issues


Two banknotes have been seen, illustrated below. Both of these notes are illustrated in Irish Numismatics (Young, 1975). Reference is made by O’Kelly to another example of a note in a Cork museum. No examples of post bills have been seen, and it is unlikely that the Moylans made use of them in their business.

Both known banknotes carry the printer's name Ashby, London-based printers which also printed notes of other Irish issuers.

Denominations recorded: 1.5G, 3.5G.
Printers: Abbey. The printer's mark can be seen below the DM symbol on the notes.


Series 1. Type A
Denis Moylan, One Pound Fourteen Shillings and Three Half Pence, 30th September 1813

Denis Moylan, One Guinea and a Half, 30th September 1813

The note is signed by Denis Moylan. The entered signature is indistinct. This note is denominated in Guineas and in its equivalent in Irish currency, £1, 14s, 112d.


Denis Moylan, Three Guineas and a Half, 30th September 1813

Denis Moylan, Three Guineas and a Half, 30th September 1813
[noonans.co.uk, 2 Oct 2008, Lot 7]

The banknote is entered by J. C. Moylan, likely to be John Creagh Moylan, a son of Denis Moylan. The main signature on this note is indistinct. This note is denominated only in Guineas without its equivalent in Irish currency.

[7. ex Noonan's (DNW), 2 Oct 2008, Lot 17]



References

1. O’Kelly, E. (1959). The Old Private Banks and Bankers of Munster. Cork: Cork University Press, p. 96.
2. Kenny, S., Turner, J. D. (December 2019). 'Wildcat bankers or political failure? The Irish financial pantomime, 1797–1826', European Review of Economic History 24(4).
3. Young, D. (1975). The Private Banks & Their Notes. Denis Moylan of Cork 1813, Irish Numismatics No. 43, Jan-Feb 1975, p17-18.
4. Alphabetical List of Freemen of the City of Cork, from 31 October 1710, to 25 October 1841.
5. Biographical Information on the Denis Creagh Moylan.

6. Biographical Information on the Denis Moylan family background.
7. Auction Catalogue, Noonan's (DNW), London. Important Collection of Irish Paper Money formed by Bob Blake (Part I),Noonan's (DNW), 2 Oct 2008.





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